Sunday, November 16, 2008

Journeying with Jung 33



The Thieves were Redeemers:  Chapter 29

In fairness to Jung he did act to stop the Nazis from controlling the whole General Medical Society for Psychotherapy by changing its name by adding the words "The International" immediately before the former.  Indeed, the shrewd Jung was careful to remain politically neutral and in his 1935 editorial of the Zentralblatt he began talking about 'medical psychology' rather than  psychoanalysis or analytical psychology.

All the while during the thirties Jung was adding to his tower at Bollingen where he used to escape to restore his energies.  There he was engaged in the task of 'soul-making.'  Lucky he.

Personification and Dreams

According to Jung, when feminine figures appear in dreams they 'point to the feminine nature of the unconscious,' and he quickly identifies a veiled woman as the anima. 'Personification always indicates an autonomous activity of the unconscious.' (See Hayman, 333)

Jung's Linguistic Ability:

Jung gave five lectures at the Tavistock Clinic in London in 1935.  While there he impressed his audiences with his fluency in English.  Indeed, he surprised them by being able to use colloquial English and with his ability to speak without notes.

Unusual Terminology:

In these lectures Jung uses two terms which I have never come across before in my reading.  He spoke about the 'ectopsychic' world, that is, the external world ruled by the four functions - Thinking (T), Feeling (F), Sensation (S) and Intuition (I).  Then he spoke about the 'endopsychic' world  which is a sort of shadow world where 'the ego is somewhat dark and we are always discovering  something new about ourselves.' (Quoted ibid., 334)

Jung on Complexes and the Unconscious:

In his London talks he gave some interesting insights into complexes:

If, for instance, something is very important to me, I begin to hesitate when I begin to do it, and you have probably observed that when you ask me difficult questions... I have a long reaction time.  I begin to stammer, and my memory does not supply the necessary material.  Such disturbances are complex disturbances...  (Quoted ibid., 335)

he went on to point out that a complex had the tendency to form a little personality of itself and said that 'we are forced to speak of the tendencies of complexes to act as if they were characterised by a certain amount of willpower.'  He then stated the following which I believe is very insightful:

Our personal unconscious, as well as our collective unconscious, consist of an indefinite, because unknown, number of complexes or fragmentary personalities... Therefore you can understand a writer's mind from the characters he creates.  (Quoted ibid., 336)

On the content of Dreams and Analysis:

Once again Jung states the fact that he was wholly uninterested in the personal content a client shared with him:

I do not want to know the complexes of my patients.  That is uninteresting to me... I want to know what a man's unconscious is doing with his complexes... Therefore I handle a dream as if it were a text which I do not understand properly... The assumption that the dream wants to conceal is a mere anthropomorphic idea.  (Quoted ibid., 336)

He then went on to state that it is always our weakest function that leads to the unconscious.  He also underlined the differences between the Freudian and Jungian understanding of the unconscious.  For Jung the unconscious was a vast historical storehouse containing all the mythologies of our race that goes back millions of years while for Freud it was merely a receptacle for 'things repressed.'

On Hitler:

"We would not call fascism or Hitlerism ideas.  They are archetypes, and so we would say: Give an archetype to the people, and the whole crowd moves like one man, there is no resisting it.'  (Ibid., 338)

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